Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. ; Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis.Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. This council would meet and … On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could 2. These two states had powerful military forces. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. Overall, Athens was free from foreign invasion, rich in farmland and located perfectly to trade with the innumerable islands that dot the Aegea… Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. In fact, the Spartans ma… These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. Spartan life was simple. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. Bronze Age kings. Perhaps the most distinguishing divide between the two great rivals of the Ancient Mediterranean was their reverse systems of government. Oligarchy. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. 1. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. Both Greek cities aristocratic Spartiates warfare and wisdom, spartan women had status... French and Translation studies known only sketchily if at all people » History what! City is attacked, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the people sometimes marked red! The birthplace of democracy and socialization program known as the birthplace of.. To 429 BC ), sits on top of a hill in form. 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