what is modern english language

Moreover, the grammar is largely Anglo-Saxon. Modern English was different from Middle and Old English on many linguistic levels, chiefly lexically (loan words from Spanish, French, Portuguese, etc. ... As a direct consequence the resulting language, modern English, is the richest and most varied instrument of expression ever developed at any time by any race. Scholars place Old English in the Anglo-Frisian group of West Germanic languages. The English language is the primary language of several countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and many of its former colonies, and the United States, and the second … One such peak for the English language was the Early Modern period of the 16th to 18th Century, a period sometimes referred to as the Golden Age of English Literature (other peaks include the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th Century, and the computer and digital age of the late 20th Century, which is still continuing today). The Oxford History of English, ed. ... "Dozens of comments expressed this wisdom: 'The English tongue has become a rank polyglot, and is spreading over the earth like some hardy plant whose seed is sown by the wind,' as Ralcy Husted Bell wrote in 1909. The importance of English in the modern world at the moment is quite large. With some differences in vocabulary, texts from the early 17th century, such as the works of William Shakespeare and the King James Bible, are considered to be in Modern English, or more specifically, are referred to as using Early Modern English or Elizabethan English. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 01:11. Modern English is conventionally defined as the English language since about 1450 or 1500. If one endevours to study various English language courses taught today, we would find almost no immediate similarities between Modern English and Old English. Modern English (sometimes New English or NE (ME)[2] as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550. The history of Middle English is often divided into three periods: (1) Early Middle English, from about 1100 to about How English Evolved Into a Modern Language January 01, 2013 A portrait of William Shakespeare is pictured in London, painted in 1610 and is believed to … Such views led to a new perspective on multilingualism: those who did not know English should set promptly about learning it!" Its global appeal originated not only from certain historical and political factors, but the qualities and characteristics of the language also helped much in its worldwide extension. Some patterns involving finite and nonfinite subordinate clauses had been rare or impossible in OE; by 1776 most of the present repertoire was available. The following is an outline of the major changes in Modern English compared to its previous form (Middle English), and also some major changes in English over the course of the 20th century. In … Compare the first passage with the last. I picked this one: “39 Things Newly Single People Say And What They Actually Mean.” I like it because it’s actually about English speakers looking at their own use of language. "Old English (used until the 12th century) is so different from Modern English that it has to be approached as we would a foreign language. Its large number of speakers, plus its worldwide presence, have made English a common language ("lingua franca") "of the airlines, of the sea and shipping, of computer technology, of science and indeed of (global) communication generally". Harcourt, 2014). English is a West Germanic language, that was born in Anglo-Saxon England, originally from Anglo-Frisian and Old Saxon dialects brought to Britain by Germanic settlers from Jutland and the Rhine Valley in the Early Middle Ages, and now has the status of a global lingua franca, due to being used by traders, and from the British Empire's colonies. "From its very early days, the Royal Society concerned itself with matters of language, setting up a committee in 1664 whose principal aim was to encourage the members of the Royal Society to use appropriate and correct language. Distinctions are commonly drawn between the Early Modern Period (roughly 1450-1800) and Late Modern English (1800 to the present). Standard languages are often the by-products of bureaucracy ... rather than spontaneous developments of the populace or the artifice of writers and scholars. The third passage has few differences from Modern English. by Suzanne Romaine. Prentice-Hall, 1978). The Cambridge History of the English Language, Volume 4, ed. Although we must not underestimate the problems posed by such words as buff jerkin, finical, and thou, we must not exaggerate them either. Such formations as the prepositional and indirect passives had become commonplace. It gradually morphed the language into Middle English, a form almost recognizable, at least in text, as far more relative to modern spoken and written English. English was adopted in regions around the world, such as North America, the Indian subcontinent, Africa, Australia and New Zealand through colonisation by the British Empire. The words be, strong and water, for example, derive from Old English. As a statistical rule, around 70 percent of words in any text are Anglo-Saxon. Older patterns of word order with the verb at the clause end or in second constituent position had long been replaced by an unmarked order framed by the sequence subject-verb-object or subject-verb-complement. Cambridge University Press, 1998). "As for the view of English beyond Britain, the tentative optimism of the 18th century gave way to a new view of 'global English,' an outlook in which confidence turned into triumphalism. Studies show that 51% of Europeans speak English in addition to their mother tongue. But humble men keep to English and their own speech still. The term "English" is derived from Anglisc, the speech of the Angles—one of the three Germanic tribes that invaded England during the fifth century. SIL Ethnologue defines a living language as "one that has at least one speaker for … The core of the English language descends from Old English, the language brought with the Angle, Saxon, and Jutish settlers to what was to be called England from the 500s. The Oxford History of English, ed. The invading Germanic tribes spoke similar languages, which in Britain developed into what we now call Old English. Distinctions are commonly drawn between the Early Modern Period (roughly 1450-1800) and Late Modern English (1800 to the present). Old English was the language spoken in what is now England from around the 5th – 11th centuries and is the origin of modern English.. Back then it was called Englisc and the people who spoke were the Anglo-Saxons; Old English is also known as Anglo-Saxon.. Old English is essentially the first recorded version of English and it is the forebear of the language we speak today. Commerce, science and technology, diplomacy, art, and formal education all contributed to English becoming the first truly global language. 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