political parties of nepal

[14] Early politics in the Kingdom of Nepal was characterised by factionalism, conspiracies and murders, including two major massacres. The remark from the Chinese government comes at a time when a section of Nepali and India media have raised questions over the ongoing meetings of Chinese leaders with the leaders of the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP), calling it China's interference in Nepal's internal affairs amid deepening political crisis triggered by the dissolution of the House of Representatives and a vertical … Some of the political parties of Nepal are as follows: Nepal communist party (Maoist) Nepali congress Nepal communist party (UML) Madhesi people's right forum Terai Madhesi Democratic party United communist front Nepal peasant Workers party The Nepali Congress (Nepali: नेपाली कांग्रेस Nepali pronunciation: [neˈpali ˈkaŋres]; NC) is a social-democratic political party in Nepal.It is the largest opposition party in the House of Representatives and the National Assembly.. In May 2008 the elections for the Constituent Assembly saw the Communist Party of Nepal as the largest party in the Constituent Assembly, which will have a term of two years. [17][22] The United Left Front became CPN UML. The following is the list of political parties in Nepal registered in the Election Commission. However, according to local media reports, some Nepalese leaders raised questions over the timing of the meeting given the border stand-off between India and China and escalating tension … [17] Although an armed insurgency launched by the major communist faction called the Jhapa movement had failed comprehensively by 1971, it formed the foundation for the dominant communist power, CPN ML, that was officially launched in 1978. [1] Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his/her cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament. In the aftermath of the 2017 elections, the first one according to the new constitution, NCP has become the ruling party at the federal level as well as six out of seven provinces. Following a four-year autocratic rule by King Gyanendra that failed to defeat the Maoists, a mass civil protest was launched by a coalition of the maoists and the political parties in 2006, which forced the king to stepped down, brought the maoists to the peace process, and established a democratic republic by 2008. [17] While communism was still trying to find its footing, Nepali Congress enjoyed overwhelming support of the electorate. Explained: Nepal Political Crisis and Why Parliament Was Dissolved. [1] While all major parties officially espouse democratic socialism, NCP is considered leftist while Nepali Congress is considered centrist, with most considering it center-left and some center-right. However, most of the changes have, as yet, not been implemented. While Nepali Congress ran the government for most of the next ten years of democracy that followed, democracy was mostly a disappointment owing to the immature democratic culture and political infighting in the capital, as well as the civil war that followed the guerrilla insurgency launched by the Maoist Party. [9][needs update], The four noble families to be involved in the active politics of the Kingdom of Nepal, along with the Shah dynasty, were the Basnyat family, the Pande dynasty and Thapa dynasty before the rise of the Rana dynasty. Two days later after his death, the late King's surviving brother Gyanendra was proclaimed as a king. This period is the first documented period in the history of Nepal. These parties are … False hope. 2002–2007: Suspension of parliament and Loktantra Andolan, December 2007 to May 2008: Abolition of the monarchy, From Loktantra Andolan to the Constituent Assembly, The first elections after becoming a Republic: the Constituent Assembly, International organisation participation of Nepal, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmacharya2005 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFJoshiRose1966 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPradhan2012 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist), Samajbadi Prajatantrik Janata Party, Nepal, International Organization for Standardization, "Is Nepal headed towards a communist state? [13] At the end of 18th century, Thapas and Pandes had extreme dominance over Nepalese Darbar politics alternatively contesting for central power with one another. CPN UML also joined this government, but the Nepali Congress took the part of the main opposition party. Jonathan Devendra. The second Madhes Movement took place in 2008, jointly launched by Madhesi Janaadhikar Forum-Nepal, Terai Madhes Loktantrik Party and Sadbhawana Party led by Rajendra Mahato with three key agenda: federalism, proportional representation and population-based election constituency, which were later ensured in the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2008. This led to a countrywide uprising called the Loktantra Andolan that started in April 2006. Nepali Congress Party (NCP): It is the premier political party of Nepal that led the democratic movement in 1950 to end the Rana regime in Nepal and allowed the common people to take part in the politics. Around the same time, Nepalis involved in the Indian Independence Movement started organising into political parties, leading to the birth of Nepali Congress and Communist Party of Nepal. The Madhes Movement[38] (Nepali: मधेस अान्दोलन) is a political movement launched by various political parties, especially those based in Madhes, for equal rights, dignity and identity of Madhesis and Tharus, Muslims and Janjati groups in Nepal. Nepal and China's ruling communist parties on Friday held a virtual meeting during which they discussed the current political situation and shared their experience on running the party and government. An angry Prachanda and his party quit the government, majorly citing this reason and decided to operate as the main opposition to the government headed by CPN UML and its co-partner Nepali Congress afterward. With a multi-party system himself, and various District courts center-left to left-wing update this article reflect! Galvanised the people Minister and his/her cabinet, while legislative power is exercised by the Interim of... The role of political parties in Nepal enlisted here the last Kirati King, Gasti please this. 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