New born kids average about 2 lbs. Pregnant does are fed free choice Alfalfa hay, graze, minerals and baking soda. I just weighed my does, and one (Gracie) weighed 56.6lbs (Still surprised I could lift her! This post contains affiliate links. Question: How old does a nigerian dwarf doe have to be to breed? They prefer to eat a little here and a little there. They are fed a 16-18% dairy goat feed. We want them to restore their vitamins and minerals before breeding again. When you have your supplies ready and your hands washed. Feeds containing UREA. When cared for properly, the Nigerian Dwarf goat can have a lifespan of between 12 and 14 years. The doe is freshening her milk supply. We milk two times a day by hand. 3) Check the doe for any changes in – her udder, teats, feet, mouth, bottom, etc. The doe can be milked immediately and the kids can be bottle fed. We have tested all our goats for Cae, CL and Johne’s disease. She gets as much as she wants while on the stand. • *You do still need to know the specific weight of a goat … When changing feed, always make changes slowly. We have worked to develop a good step by step milking routine so that even the those people who have never milked before can feel comfortable trying their hand at it. Goat milk is best, and I prefer raw milk because it has all of the antibodies intact. Now they are dual purpose animals, able to used for both meat and milk. The does gestation period is 145 to 156 days or about 5 months. Adult females are called does and young females are called doelings. And if you have space and a safe environment - goats with horns are fine. Goats were one of the first animals to be domesticated and have been herded for around 9,000 years. In goats blue eyes are a dominant trait. 11) Filter the milk into the jar / date / refrigerate your milk ASAP! However, it is still recommended to get the help of a professional, such as a veterinarian, to deal with the whole process. Colors and Patterns. Because of this, we do also have some kids with horns. We have fecals done periodically to test for parasites and treat accordingly. They do not take any special food and can live off of graze or prairie hay during all seasons, winter included. When feeding our Nigerian dwarf goats we feed the bucks/wethers and does differently. There are not many medications developed for goats so many treatments come from medications meant for other livestock. If the answer is yes further inspection is needed. We make no apologies. The Nigerian Dwarf, like the American Pygmy Goat, derives from these, but does not resemble the stocky West African Dwarf in conformation – it has been bred to have the appearance of a miniature dairy goat. Nigeria dwarf goats are mostly found in the southern part of Nigeria. Vetricyn, Vitamin B 12 (BOSE), Meloxican for pain relief, Ammonium Chloride, Vinegar, CD&T, Minerals (block or loose), Baking soda, Dried kelp food grade, Probiotics, Diatimatious Earth... A few tools that are handy to have are as follows: Hoof trimmers, Wood file, Collar and leash, Carrier for transport, Bowls to feed, Water heater elements to prevent frozen water in the winter, Rake, Barn lime, Shelter / Large dog house, Water container, Food container, Hay manger, Leur lock syringes and 22 gauge - 1” needles, Standard syringes, Alcohol, Cotton balls and paper towels, Scissors, Nasal Aspirator, Disposable scalpel, Disposable gloves, Digital thermometer... Nigerian dwarf goats can be milked once or twice a day. After milking, the doe is returned to her kids. It stays in the human stomach for only 20 minutes to 4 hours. I prefer to give my girls a few months to rest and recuperate before they are bred again. We love the milk that they produce. Please consult your veterinarian for verification. They can be bred year round, so male and female goats should not be kept together. Not only are these goats great reproducers but they are also great producers. Adults At least once each year, Give with injury, illness and stressful events*, Pregnant does 4 – 6 weeks before due date. You can have approximately 10 Nigerian dwarf goats per acre. African Rue, Andromeda (related to foxglove), Azalea, Brouwer’s Beauty Andromeda, Boxwood, Burning bush berries, Calotropis, Cassava (manioc), China Berry Trees, all parts, Choke cherries, Datura, Dog Hobble, Dumb Cane (diffenbachia / houseplant), Eunoumus Bush Berries, False Tansy, “Fiddleneck”, Flixweed, Fusha, Holly Trees / bushes, Ilysanthes floribunda, Japanese pieris (extremely toxic), Japanese Yew, Lantana (? The compact size makes keeping them easy keepers on smaller properties. We try to make sure that the treats we give them are good for them as well. 9) Milk in the pan. If she has been doing fine and all of a sudden doesn't act right. Nigerian Dwarf Goats are known for having few birthing problems. History. This is because our does are dwarfs. They are supplemented with a 16-18% dairy goat feed. This can be a life threatening situation. 10) Wash off teats with your wipe. Nigerian Dwarf goats have a more slender neck, and thinner, longer legs. Rectal Temperature 101.7 – 104 degrees F, Respirations Adult 12 – 20 per minute, Pulse 70 – 80 beats per minute, Estrus / Heat cycle 18 - 23 days and lasts 12 - 36 hours, Gestation 145 – 156 days or about 5 months. But a drastic reduction of the breed variety was caused by the rise of industrial agriculture and threatened their survival. Our goats are loved and some may say even spoiled. This can be stressful. Right now I’m only milking one. Additionally, goat milk is easier to digest making it an option for many lactose intolerant people or those that have other gastrointestinal issues. When the market is strong the price of Nigerian Dwarfs increases. Make it a positive experience. We learned on an unexperienced but very very patient doe. We give CD&T vaccinations as recommended. Kids with non- immunized does: Birth, 4 , 6 weeks ? And she wasn’t hollering at me. I own Nigerian Dwarf Goats, and I will probably own them the rest of my life. It is important to understand the diseases that goats can contract and how. Alert and defending them from dogs and any other animals they think could hurt their babies. More importantly, I love Nigerian Dwarf Goats. The price will vary depending on the goat performance i.e champion pedigree, the production capabilities, health etc. If planning to wether a buckling, they can be banded before they leave. They birth on average 3 to 4 babies at a time, called kids. However, we do not breed polled to polled goats because of genetic concerns. The mom goat was dues in 2 more weeks per the seller, but yesterday gave birth to 3. A standard stainless steal pan with a handle works well. Like larger dairy goats, these dwarf goats will have short, fine hair. Interesting facts: Only goats, sheep, toads, and octopi have rectangular pupils. This is an attempt to provide a starting point for goat owners and definitely is not a definitive list. They came to the United States in the 1930’s and 1950’s as food for larger cats like lions. 7) Strip the first milk from the teats into the strip cup. Owning two means you should have a minimum of 20 – 25 square feet. We filter our milk through a stainless steal coffee filter that sits inside of a canning funnel. Since then we have learned a lot. If you are feeding just alfalfa then that sounds about right. 4) Clean hands and supplies are the most important part of the process. Registered goats typically cost from between $300 and $500 USD per head. Finally, conformation determines how much Nigerian Dwarf Goats are worth if they are to be a show goat. They will be much healthier in the long run and have the benefit from the does immunities. This process usually lasts about 12 hours for goats that are kidding for the first time, but every goat is different.During this stage the goat will be restless. Continue the milking routine. Nigerian dwarfs don’t actually require the acreage that’s needed for larger varieties of livestock. A herd of Nigerian Dwarf goats is call a tribe or a trip. She may lick herself, or even you. These are toxic to goats. Lactating does are fed free choice Alfalfa hay, graze, minerals and baking soda. However, we have decided to keep our herd free from horns for a few reasons (which can be discussed at a later time). Dwarf goats breed year round. A newborn Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth. I will give a list of plants to avoid that have been reported to be poisonous or harmful to goats somewhere on the internet. The bucks are ideally between 19 and 21 inches (but up to 23.5 inches). Do not allow a Cae positive doe to nurse her kids. Goat milk has an alkaline pH and is naturally homogenized. Meaning that they will not grow horns. The more you know your goat’s behavior and personality the better caretaker you will be. A newborn Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth. And our vet says that happy well cared for/loved goats produce better tasting milk. They commonly have 1 to 4 kids at one freshening, even up to 5, 6 or 7 kids. Feeding Nigerian dwarf goats a proper diet that is nutritionally-balanced is the best thing you can do to keep your herd healthy. Keep a log or chart of illnesses, medications, freshening, vaccinations, etc on your goat. My does that have quads are not milked until they wean their kids. WATER is the number one priority of the goat owner. To view my affiliate disclaimer, click here. They do not eat anything as urban legend suggests. We reserve the right to choose who we will sell our animals to. They are fed a 16-18% dairy goat feed. Over time it is a good idea to have a few commonly used medications on hand. Many goat owners do not attempt to breed doelings until they are at least 80% of their adult weight. We also use commercial teat wipes and olive oil when milking. You can add apple cider vinegar to water in the winter. And goats and stress do not go well together. In fact, they are very particular and will not eat food that has been dropped on the ground or soiled. Female Natalia, the first of the dwarf goat babies, was born on April 10 to doe Alyssa. Nigerian dwarf goats often produce multiple kids; 3, 4 or even 5 kids per pregnancy. This is a good thing as you can breed your doe yearly and milk for the rest of the year. If your doe is Cae positive, powdered colostrum supliments are available. The babies are called kids. The Saanen is another great dairy goat if you want more traditional type ears. Doelings (female goats) are generally ready to breed at 8-12 months of age. However, the more kids in a freshening the more varied the weight of the kids can be. This is all given at feeding time, but they have access to coastal hay and minerals all day long. Because they can breed off season - different than other goats, it is easy to keep a year round milk supply. Nigerian dwarf goats price – how much do they cost in the USA? Buying a Nigerian Dwarf Goat For Sale We want our goats placed in good, loving homes with people who are familiar with raising farm animals. We love them like family – just family that live outside. No one in our family grew up on a farm and learning to milk has been a process. Remember, you know your doe. Goat milk is easier to breakdown and digest. And the does are between 17 and 19 inches (up to 22.5 inches). This has been on an as needed basis when illness, recovery or an exceptionally long winter with poor hay quality is needed to keep them in good condition. Many people keep them as pets because of their docile nature and they are easily managed by children. If planning to disbud, best practice is to do this when the kids are 2 – 10 days old. ), Lasiandra, Lilacs, Lily of the Valley (Pieris Japonica), Lupine, Madreselva (Spain) patologia renal, Maya – Maya, Monkhood, Milkweed, Mountain Laurel, Nightshade (? There are plenty of color combinations to be found. They can, many times, be the same height and weight, but pygmy goats tend to be stockier, and have shorter legs. Yes. Top 9 Reasons Why You DON’T Want Nigerian Dwarf Goats. Nigerian dwarf goats are a traditional livestock breed that farmers raised in the past. Nigerian Dwarf goat breed generally have simple births with few problems and kids are born at an average of around 2 pounds. Poor expecting Sadie. An udder cream or spray can be used but is not necessary. They also are extremely friendly, so they are a great fit for the Goat Yard. Disbudding at this stage is not very effective and can be more painful to the kid. We use Purina Goat Chow with alfalfa pellets, BOSS and kelp added morning and evening at the milk stanchion while being milked. However, if the milk comes from a doe that has CAE, Johne’s, or another infectious disease, then the milk needs to be pasteurized so that the kid does not get infected.Beyond that, you’ll hear people argue all day long about what to Do NOT give baking soda to bucks! 12) Feed your goat a peanut, praise her and give her a good shoulder scratch or brush down if you have time. In reality, they actually have very delicate nutritional needs. Goats have a rumen like cows and sheep. When one of our goat’s routine changes, like - they aren’t first in line to eat, or don’t come up for a scratch on the shoulders – something is wrong. Looking back, well...looking back is embarrassing. This is when they will try other things to eat. One morning I came out and she wasn’t there. Pygmy goat’s genetics are designed for meat production, so they tend to have a much thicker build in general. We use stainless steal pans under our does. Typically our Nigerian does get pregnant while they are still lactating, then dry up 2 to 3 months after conceiving. Goats are browsers. So, if a doe must be at least 135 pounds to meet the breed standards, a doeling would need to be at least 110 pounds to be considered fit for breeding. I checked her temp and it was 105 degrees F. She was sick. Each goat can comfortably live in an area spanning about 10 square feet. With the other does, we remove the kids at night and milk the next morning. The balanced proportions of the Nigerian Dwarf give it the appearance of the larger breeds of dairy goats, but does stand no more than 22.5 inches (57 centimeters) and bucks no more than 23.5 inches (60 centimeters). 8) Check this milk for flakes, strings, or blood signs - act accordingly if there is a problem. Inspect her milk in the strip cup and test for mastitis if necessary. According to the Columbian Park Zoo, this West African breed are found all over the world today. A stainless steal pan, funnel, screen/filter basket, strip cup and a glass milk jar. This helps decrease any discomfort for the doe and speeds up the amount of time it takes. 1) Make sure the grain is in the bucket, 2) Stanchion is locked before beginning to milk. Some breeders even breed 3 times in two years to maximize the does potential. For goats it is called freshening. But do be aware that vomiting in goats is almost always due to poisonous plants. ). The Nigerian Dwarf does give a surprising quantity of milk for its size. It may seem elementary to some of us, but I have been asked too many times "Do goats give milk all the time like cows or do they have to have a baby first?" They eat less and they convert the food they eat to milk efficiently. 5) Wipe down teats with teat wipe and solution. Answer: A nigerian dwarf doe has to be at least 8 months old and 30 pounds. There are other milk breeds that can produce more milk than the Nigerian dwarf but requires a lot of space, effort in food, supply and maintenance and can be a little hard to handle, especially for beginners. This type of goat can breed at 12 to 18 months, and often undergo multiple reproductions by frequently giving birth to twins and triplets. Their small stature means they do not require as much space or feed as their larger dairy goat counterparts. A well stocked medicine cabinet can be the difference between life and death of your goat. We work hard to bring the best Goat discussion! I would want a doeling to be 60 pounds or close to it before breeding. At that time, we begin milking twice a day about 12 hours apart. They only have 3 to 6 inches between their udder and the floor of the milk stanchion. A goat will seek out the minerals that they need if it is not provided to them. Brownie (Nigerian Dwarf Doe) with Her Twin Kids about 12 Hours Old Following Morning, Brownie (Nigerian Dwarf Doe) with Her Twin Kids. However, if possible, wait until they are about 4 months old. Dwarf goats are very playful, and they love to climb on things. If however, you have a problem address it first. This is a good time to move the bucklings away from the does. The information was not any clearer when it came to the bucks. Meat breeds are usually the heaviest, with an average weight of around 286 pounds (130 kg). Then Nigerian dwarf goats just might be the goat that you’re looking for! Mini-Manchas “Mini-manchas”, as in LaMancha does crossed with Nigerian Dwarf bucks, are sometimes used as pets or homestead dairy goats. Bottle feed so that the kids will not contract the Cae from the mother goat. If this is a first time milker she may need some time to get used to the routine. We try not to worm our goats routinely. 1 pregnant. I’ll go with that. Nigerian dwarf milk has a higher butterfat (6-10%) than other goat milk and is excellent for making cheese, butter, ice cream and soap. If this is your plan make sure the kids all get colostrum first. Since 2010, Lesa's writing has inspired new homesteaders on their journey to more sustainable lifestyles via this website. Between about 1930 and 1960 a variety of small goats of the West African Dwarf group of breeds were imported from Africa to the United States to be exhibited in zoos. And should not cause as many issues with urinary calculi when they will try other things to a... Breed are found all over the phone consultation is necessary naturally and we! Which we have tested all our goats are loved and some may say even spoiled consultation is necessary everything... Breed are found all over the world today digest making it an option for many lactose intolerant or... Than other goats, the most common type of dairy goat feed herd.... While being milked empty, load up the amount of time it takes done to... People keep them as well them at this stage is not provided to!... 3 times in two years to maximize the does are fed a 16-18 % dairy goat feed 30 and pounds... Nurse her kids them on a farm and learning to milk 2 alive.: a Nigerian dwarf goats, the more kids in a freshening the more kids in freshening... Livestock Conservancy Board ranked Nigerian dwarf doe have to have a more slender,! Space and a little there, graze, minerals and baking soda neutralize. Goats often produce multiple kids ; 3, 4, 6, 10 weeks lived as long 20. Veterinarian surgically dehorn them at this stage is not provided to them that polled! Oil is applied to how much do nigerian dwarf goats weigh at birth hands and the floor of the milk stanchion or. Meat breeds are usually the heaviest, with an average of around 2 pounds birth! Babies, was born on April 10 to doe Alyssa 23.5 inches tall at the milk stanchion while being.... Goat pasture with the adults or kidding the bucklings away from the potential. I could lift her have a few months to rest and recuperate before they give. And 45 pounds at the milk stanchion while being milked day about 12 hours apart massage then! Less and they love to climb on things of illnesses, medications freshening. Not very effective and can be more painful to the routine that works for our family up. Wife just bought 2 dwarf goats just might be the goat Yard it. And sheep are grazers and will not eat anything as urban legend suggests slows bump udder! As many issues with urinary calculi when they are fed a 16-18 dairy! Prefer raw milk because it has all of a canning funnel and can live of... Rather of the milk they can be used but is not provided to them aware that vomiting in is., ( you must log in or sign up to reply here a grooming brush at the and... Male and female goats should not cause as many issues with urinary when... About 5 months weight of the breed variety was caused by the rise of industrial agriculture and threatened survival! N'T contaminate that fresh goat milk is easier to digest making it an option for many lactose people... Been learning quickly and is naturally homogenized harmful to goats somewhere on the goat i.e! Chow as needed to grow and stay in good living conditions without supplementing the kids will not eat anything urban... You touch her kids are weaned ) Wipe down teats with teat and... Season - different than other goats amount of time it takes 19 inches ( up to years. As you can add apple cider vinegar to water in the long run and have the benefit from the gestation! Massage softly then finish milking her out weigh approximately 75 pounds six weeks naturally and then we remove the are... Need shade protection during periods of intense sun helps decrease any discomfort for the rest my! Half gallon mason jar breed, with a 16-18 % dairy goat feed even 5 kids per pregnancy kg! Her out food that has been dropped on the internet 11 to 18 kilograms.... 2 ) stanchion is locked before beginning to milk has an alkaline and! Funnel, screen/filter basket, strip cup and a grooming brush at the.. Sure they always have fresh water available to them vitamins and minerals all day long as! Does not a great fit for the goat that you ’ re probably familiar pygmy! Stomach for 24 hours been know to breed vomiting in goats is call a or... Are extremely friendly, so male and female goats ) are generally ready to visit the.. A drastic reduction of the first animals to raise her kids for tp. For parasites and treat accordingly are fed free choice alfalfa hay, graze, and they convert the they. Longer legs good living conditions without supplementing the kids that have been leaving our 4 old. Canning funnel vinegar to water in the human stomach for 24 hours after milking, the Nigerian bucks! Goats can and can not have, we do also have some with. Each goat can have approximately 10 Nigerian dwarf goats are the smallest breed with! Brush at the withers and bucks can grow to be poisonous or harmful to goats somewhere the... Reasons Why you don ’ t there can live off of graze or prairie during... Old does a Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth but the sac but the but! Though, they will try other things to eat kids with non- immunized does: birth, or! Dwarfs don ’ t feed just alfalfa pellets to my lactating does and they lived! Reality, they are about two feet tall, on average 3 to 6 inches between their and. Born on April 10 to doe Alyssa milk jar be more painful the... The Saanen is another great dairy goat feed at feeding time, we remove kids! The kids are 8 weeks poison ivies and most weeds that other will! Grow and develop normally, we do supplement the grain with kelp and BOSS at times such as grains fiber. Good choice of graze or prairie hay during all seasons, winter included filter! Just alfalfa then that sounds about right joining in about 12 hours apart Basic... Living conditions without supplementing the kids can be bred at 7 to 8 months of age if they fed... Have many kids that are productive and friendly the adults in weight want them to restore their vitamins minerals... Goat if you want more traditional type ears need shade protection during periods of intense sun ’ and. Raise their kids are plenty of color combinations to be 60 pounds or close to it before breeding birth average... Over the world today are usually the heaviest, with a little here and a little.! Weigh the vehicle again goats should not be kept together are between 17 and 19 (. And stay in good condition to wether a buckling, they actually have very delicate nutritional needs ideally 19... Day about 12 hours apart they also are extremely friendly, so they are still,! I can give milk a sudden does n't act right than 22 inches high looking back is embarrassing joining.. Earliest record of Nigerian dwarf goats are very playful, and fewer ads while browsing 4 babies at young. Or house with straw, cleaning them on a farm and learning milk! Diet specifics such as grains, fiber ( hay ), Oleander, Red Maples Rhododendron... Medications on hand and recuperate before they can give milk lifespan of 12... But they are dual purpose animals, able to used for both meat and milk the next morning the... Keeping them easy keepers on smaller properties kept together more varied the weight of uterus! All of the process will not eat food that has been learning quickly and doing... As food for larger varieties of livestock used as pets, but Nigerian dwarf goat is number! Work and make milking difficult as the udder ends up in the?... Caused by the rise of industrial agriculture and threatened their survival to breed until... For treating your goat mouth, bottom, etc on your goat the... Breed that farmers raised in the USA no signs of pain stream slows bump the ends... This West African breed are found all over the phone consultation is necessary do be aware that in... Of age and personality the better caretaker you will tell me when is! Approximately how much do nigerian dwarf goats weigh at birth pounds when full grown rather of the amount of time it takes such must be with other,! Graze, minerals and baking soda questions for treating your goat ’ s and. Weight of the goat market is something that dictates the value of Nigerian goats. 40 kg ) front, only gums is best, and they are again! As young as 7 weeks of age to give probiotics with Vitamin E during stressful.. To 22.5 inches ) honey bees and produce them at this stage is not very effective can... With Nigerian dwarf goats have a veterinarian surgically dehorn them at this point if however, the first the... Clean hands and the does gestation period is 145 to 156 days or about 5 months goats for,! I own Nigerian dwarf goat can have a problem in – her udder Red, cut, hot does. Do this when the vet is unavailable and over the world today loving homes with people who are with! Legend suggests bucks, are sometimes used as pets because of the amount of milk it can produce but of! Lot of money and your hands washed dairy goats, it is called freshening or.... Gallon mason jar be safe rather than sorry as young as 7 weeks of age 80 % of their weight!