New born kids average about 2 lbs. Pregnant does are fed free choice Alfalfa hay, graze, minerals and baking soda. I just weighed my does, and one (Gracie) weighed 56.6lbs (Still surprised I could lift her! This post contains affiliate links. Question: How old does a nigerian dwarf doe have to be to breed? They prefer to eat a little here and a little there. They are fed a 16-18% dairy goat feed. We want them to restore their vitamins and minerals before breeding again. When you have your supplies ready and your hands washed. Feeds containing UREA. When cared for properly, the Nigerian Dwarf goat can have a lifespan of between 12 and 14 years. The doe is freshening her milk supply. We milk two times a day by hand. 3)   Check the doe for any changes in – her udder, teats, feet, mouth, bottom, etc. The doe can be milked immediately and the kids can be bottle fed. We have tested all our goats for Cae, CL and Johne’s disease. She gets as much as she wants while on the stand. • *You do still need to know the specific weight of a goat … When changing feed, always make changes slowly. We have worked to develop a good step by step milking routine so that even the those people who have never milked before can feel comfortable trying their hand at it. Goat milk is best, and I prefer raw milk because it has all of the antibodies intact. Now they are dual purpose animals, able to used for both meat and milk. The does gestation period is 145 to 156 days or about 5 months. Adult females are called does and young females are called doelings. And if you have space and a safe environment - goats with horns are fine. Goats were one of the first animals to be domesticated and have been herded for around 9,000 years. In goats blue eyes are a dominant trait. 11)    Filter the milk into the jar / date / refrigerate your milk ASAP! However, it is still recommended to get the help of a professional, such as a veterinarian, to deal with the whole process. Colors and Patterns. Because of this, we do also have some kids with horns. We have fecals done periodically to test for parasites and treat accordingly. They do not take any special food and can live off of graze or prairie hay during all seasons, winter included. When feeding our Nigerian dwarf goats we feed the bucks/wethers and does differently. There are not many medications developed for goats so many treatments come from medications meant for other livestock. If the answer is yes further inspection is needed. We make no apologies. The Nigerian Dwarf, like the American Pygmy Goat, derives from these, but does not resemble the stocky West African Dwarf in conformation – it has been bred to have the appearance of a miniature dairy goat. Nigeria dwarf goats are mostly found in the southern part of Nigeria. Vetricyn, Vitamin B 12 (BOSE), Meloxican for pain relief, Ammonium Chloride, Vinegar, CD&T, Minerals (block or loose), Baking soda, Dried kelp food grade, Probiotics, Diatimatious Earth... A few tools that are handy to have are as follows: Hoof trimmers, Wood file, Collar and leash, Carrier for transport, Bowls to feed, Water heater elements to prevent frozen water in the winter, Rake, Barn lime, Shelter / Large dog house, Water container, Food container, Hay manger, Leur lock syringes and 22 gauge - 1” needles, Standard syringes, Alcohol, Cotton balls and paper towels, Scissors, Nasal Aspirator, Disposable scalpel, Disposable gloves, Digital thermometer... Nigerian dwarf goats can be milked once or twice a day. After milking, the doe is returned to her kids. It stays in the human stomach for only 20 minutes to 4 hours. I prefer to give my girls a few months to rest and recuperate before they are bred again. We love the milk that they produce. Please consult your veterinarian for verification. They can be bred year round, so male and female goats should not be kept together. Not only are these goats great reproducers but they are also great producers. Adults                             At least once each year, Give with injury, illness and stressful events*, Pregnant does                 4 – 6 weeks before due date. You can have approximately 10 Nigerian dwarf goats per acre. African Rue, Andromeda (related to foxglove), Azalea, Brouwer’s Beauty Andromeda, Boxwood, Burning bush berries, Calotropis, Cassava (manioc), China Berry Trees, all parts, Choke cherries, Datura, Dog Hobble, Dumb Cane (diffenbachia / houseplant), Eunoumus Bush Berries, False Tansy, “Fiddleneck”, Flixweed, Fusha, Holly Trees / bushes, Ilysanthes floribunda, Japanese pieris (extremely toxic), Japanese Yew, Lantana (? The compact size makes keeping them easy keepers on smaller properties. We try to make sure that the treats we give them are good for them as well. 9)   Milk in the pan. If she has been doing fine and all of a sudden doesn't act right. Nigerian Dwarf Goats are known for having few birthing problems. History. This is because our does are dwarfs. They are supplemented with a 16-18% dairy goat feed. This can be a life threatening situation. 10)   Wash off teats with your wipe. Nigerian Dwarf goats have a more slender neck, and thinner, longer legs. Rectal Temperature            101.7 – 104 degrees F, Respirations                        Adult 12 – 20 per minute, Pulse                                    70 – 80 beats per minute, Estrus / Heat cycle              18 - 23 days and lasts 12 - 36 hours, Gestation                             145 – 156 days or about 5 months. But a drastic reduction of the breed variety was caused by the rise of industrial agriculture and threatened their survival. Our goats are loved and some may say even spoiled. This can be stressful. Right now I’m only milking one. Additionally, goat milk is easier to digest making it an option for many lactose intolerant people or those that have other gastrointestinal issues. When the market is strong the price of Nigerian Dwarfs increases. Make it a positive experience. We learned on an unexperienced but very very patient doe. We give CD&T vaccinations as recommended. Kids with non- immunized does:   Birth, 4 , 6 weeks ? And she wasn’t hollering at me. I own Nigerian Dwarf Goats, and I will probably own them the rest of my life. It is important to understand the diseases that goats can contract and how. Alert and defending them from dogs and any other animals they think could hurt their babies. More importantly, I love Nigerian Dwarf Goats. The price will vary depending on the goat performance i.e champion pedigree, the production capabilities, health etc. If planning to wether a buckling, they can be banded before they leave. They birth on average 3 to 4 babies at a time, called kids. However, we do not breed polled to polled goats because of genetic concerns. The mom goat was dues in 2 more weeks per the seller, but yesterday gave birth to 3. A standard stainless steal pan with a handle works well. Like larger dairy goats, these dwarf goats will have short, fine hair. Interesting facts:  Only goats, sheep, toads, and octopi have rectangular pupils. This is an attempt to provide a starting point for goat owners and definitely is not a definitive list. They came to the United States in the 1930’s and 1950’s as food for larger cats like lions. 7)   Strip the first milk from the teats into the strip cup. Owning two means you should have a minimum of 20 – 25 square feet. We filter our milk through a stainless steal coffee filter that sits inside of a canning funnel. Since then we have learned a lot. If you are feeding just alfalfa then that sounds about right. 4)  Clean hands and supplies are the most important part of the process. Registered goats typically cost from between $300 and $500 USD per head. Finally, conformation determines how much Nigerian Dwarf Goats are worth if they are to be a show goat. They will be much healthier in the long run and have the benefit from the does immunities. This process usually lasts about 12 hours for goats that are kidding for the first time, but every goat is different.During this stage the goat will be restless. Continue the milking routine. Nigerian dwarfs don’t actually require the acreage that’s needed for larger varieties of livestock. A herd of Nigerian Dwarf goats is call a tribe or a trip. She may lick herself, or even you. These are toxic to goats. Lactating does are fed free choice Alfalfa hay, graze, minerals and baking soda. However, we have decided to keep our herd free from horns for a few reasons (which can be discussed at a later time). Dwarf goats breed year round. A newborn Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth. I will give a list of plants to avoid that have been reported to be poisonous or harmful to goats somewhere on the internet. The bucks are ideally between 19 and 21 inches (but up to 23.5 inches). Do not allow a Cae positive doe to nurse her kids. Goat milk has an alkaline pH and is naturally homogenized. Meaning that they will not grow horns. The more you know your goat’s behavior and personality the better caretaker you will be. A newborn Nigerian dwarf goat weighs around 2 pounds at birth. And our vet says that happy well cared for/loved goats produce better tasting milk. They commonly have 1 to 4 kids at one freshening, even up to 5, 6 or 7 kids. Feeding Nigerian dwarf goats a proper diet that is nutritionally-balanced is the best thing you can do to keep your herd healthy. Keep a log or chart of illnesses, medications, freshening, vaccinations, etc on your goat. My does that have quads are not milked until they wean their kids. WATER is the number one priority of the goat owner. To view my affiliate disclaimer, click here. They do not eat anything as urban legend suggests. We reserve the right to choose who we will sell our animals to. They are fed a 16-18% dairy goat feed. Over time it is a good idea to have a few commonly used medications on hand. Many goat owners do not attempt to breed doelings until they are at least 80% of their adult weight. We also use commercial teat wipes and olive oil when milking. You can add apple cider vinegar to water in the winter. And goats and stress do not go well together. In fact, they are very particular and will not eat food that has been dropped on the ground or soiled. Female Natalia, the first of the dwarf goat babies, was born on April 10 to doe Alyssa. Nigerian dwarf goats often produce multiple kids; 3, 4 or even 5 kids per pregnancy. This is a good thing as you can breed your doe yearly and milk for the rest of the year. If your doe is Cae positive, powdered colostrum supliments are available. The babies are called kids. The Saanen is another great dairy goat if you want more traditional type ears. Doelings (female goats) are generally ready to breed at 8-12 months of age. However, the more kids in a freshening the more varied the weight of the kids can be. This is all given at feeding time, but they have access to coastal hay and minerals all day long. Because they can breed off season - different than other goats, it is easy to keep a year round milk supply. Nigerian dwarf goats price – how much do they cost in the USA? Buying a Nigerian Dwarf Goat For Sale We want our goats placed in good, loving homes with people who are familiar with raising farm animals. We love them like family – just family that live outside. No one in our family grew up on a farm and learning to milk has been a process. Remember, you know your doe. Goat milk is easier to breakdown and digest. And the does are between 17 and 19 inches (up to 22.5 inches). This has been on an as needed basis when illness, recovery or an exceptionally long winter with poor hay quality is needed to keep them in good condition. Many people keep them as pets because of their docile nature and they are easily managed by children. If planning to disbud, best practice is to do this when the kids are 2 – 10 days old. ), Lasiandra, Lilacs, Lily of the Valley (Pieris Japonica), Lupine, Madreselva (Spain) patologia renal, Maya – Maya, Monkhood, Milkweed, Mountain Laurel, Nightshade (? There are plenty of color combinations to be found. They can, many times, be the same height and weight, but pygmy goats tend to be stockier, and have shorter legs. Yes. Top 9 Reasons Why You DON’T Want Nigerian Dwarf Goats. Nigerian dwarf goats are a traditional livestock breed that farmers raised in the past. Nigerian Dwarf goat breed generally have simple births with few problems and kids are born at an average of around 2 pounds. Poor expecting Sadie. An udder cream or spray can be used but is not necessary. They also are extremely friendly, so they are a great fit for the Goat Yard. Disbudding at this stage is not very effective and can be more painful to the kid. We use Purina Goat Chow with alfalfa pellets, BOSS and kelp added morning and evening at the milk stanchion while being milked. However, if the milk comes from a doe that has CAE, Johne’s, or another infectious disease, then the milk needs to be pasteurized so that the kid does not get infected.Beyond that, you’ll hear people argue all day long about what to Do NOT give baking soda to bucks! 12)    Feed your goat a peanut, praise her and give her a good shoulder scratch or brush down if you have time. In reality, they actually have very delicate nutritional needs. Goats have a rumen like cows and sheep. When one of our goat’s routine changes, like - they aren’t first in line to eat, or don’t come up for a scratch on the shoulders – something is wrong. Looking back, well...looking back is embarrassing. This is when they will try other things to eat. One morning I came out and she wasn’t there. Pygmy goat’s genetics are designed for meat production, so they tend to have a much thicker build in general. We use stainless steal pans under our does. Typically our Nigerian does get pregnant while they are still lactating, then dry up 2 to 3 months after conceiving. Goats are browsers. So, if a doe must be at least 135 pounds to meet the breed standards, a doeling would need to be at least 110 pounds to be considered fit for breeding. I checked her temp and it was 105 degrees F.  She was sick. Each goat can comfortably live in an area spanning about 10 square feet. With the other does, we remove the kids at night and milk the next morning. The balanced proportions of the Nigerian Dwarf give it the appearance of the larger breeds of dairy goats, but does stand no more than 22.5 inches (57 centimeters) and bucks no more than 23.5 inches (60 centimeters). 8)   Check this milk for flakes, strings, or blood signs - act accordingly if there is a problem. Inspect her milk in the strip cup and test for mastitis if necessary. According to the Columbian Park Zoo, this West African breed are found all over the world today. A stainless steal pan, funnel, screen/filter basket, strip cup and a glass milk jar. This helps decrease any discomfort for the doe and speeds up the amount of time it takes. 1)   Make sure the grain is in the bucket, 2)   Stanchion is locked before beginning to milk. Some breeders even breed 3 times in two years to maximize the does potential. For goats it is called freshening. But do be aware that vomiting in goats is almost always due to poisonous plants. ). The Nigerian Dwarf does give a surprising quantity of milk for its size. It may seem elementary to some of us, but I have been asked too many times "Do goats give milk all the time like cows or do they have to have a baby first?" They eat less and they convert the food they eat to milk efficiently. 5)   Wipe down teats with teat wipe and solution. Answer: A nigerian dwarf doe has to be at least 8 months old and 30 pounds. There are other milk breeds that can produce more milk than the Nigerian dwarf but requires a lot of space, effort in food, supply and maintenance and can be a little hard to handle, especially for beginners. This type of goat can breed at 12 to 18 months, and often undergo multiple reproductions by frequently giving birth to twins and triplets. Their small stature means they do not require as much space or feed as their larger dairy goat counterparts. A well stocked medicine cabinet can be the difference between life and death of your goat. We work hard to bring the best Goat discussion! I would want a doeling to be 60 pounds or close to it before breeding. At that time, we begin milking twice a day about 12 hours apart. They only have 3 to 6 inches between their udder and the floor of the milk stanchion. A goat will seek out the minerals that they need if it is not provided to them. Brownie (Nigerian Dwarf Doe) with Her Twin Kids about 12 Hours Old Following Morning, Brownie (Nigerian Dwarf Doe) with Her Twin Kids. However, if possible, wait until they are about 4 months old. Dwarf goats are very playful, and they love to climb on things. If however, you have a problem address it first. This is a good time to move the bucklings away from the does. The information was not any clearer when it came to the bucks. Meat breeds are usually the heaviest, with an average weight of around 286 pounds (130 kg). Then Nigerian dwarf goats just might be the goat that you’re looking for! Mini-Manchas “Mini-manchas”, as in LaMancha does crossed with Nigerian Dwarf bucks, are sometimes used as pets or homestead dairy goats. Bottle feed so that the kids will not contract the Cae from the mother goat. If this is a first time milker she may need some time to get used to the routine. We try not to worm our goats routinely. 1 pregnant. I’ll go with that. Nigerian dwarf milk has a higher butterfat (6-10%) than other goat milk and is excellent for making cheese, butter, ice cream and soap. If this is your plan make sure the kids all get colostrum first. Since 2010, Lesa's writing has inspired new homesteaders on their journey to more sustainable lifestyles via this website. Between about 1930 and 1960 a variety of small goats of the West African Dwarf group of breeds were imported from Africa to the United States to be exhibited in zoos. 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